The '''Cambridge Philosophical Society''' ('''CPS''') is a scientific society at the University of Cambridge
. It was founded in 1819. The name derives from the medieval use of the word philosophy
to denote any research undertaken outside the fields of theology
. The society was granted a royal charter by William IV in 1832.
The society has published several scientific journal
s, including ''Biological Reviews'' (established 1926) and ''Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
'' (formerly entitled ''Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society'', published since 1843). ''Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society'' was published between 1821–1928, but was then discontinued.